Roofs Types, its repairs and coating materials

When we get tired of the whole day’s activities our most imperative want becomes to go home and get relax. As the thought of going home comes to our mind a smile comes to our faces unconsciously because of a peaceful place for tranquil. Home is the place which gives soothing and comfortable thought to everyone. It serves as a shelter from all the outside and environmental harms. Roof is the most important element of the home construction and its most intricate thing to repair and re-roof. Before deciding on roof repair or repair decision, all of us must be aware of the expected roof lives.

All roofs are made from different materials and each type of roof has a different lifespan. The best way to determine how long you can expect your roof to last is to check with the manufacturer’s warranty. However, you should also realize that with a preventive roof maintenance plan that utilizes seasonal inspections, you could greatly enhance the lifespan of your roof. When considering roofing materials, always talk with your roofer about the steps that you should take to maintain its condition as well as anything that you should do to ensure that you don’t void the warranty. By taking the time to choose the best roofing materials for your house’s design, structure and geographical location, you will have a better chance of enjoying new roof for many years.

Most commonly, roofs fail because some aspect of the installation was done poorly. Many roofers don’t pay much attention to the details. Problems caused by poor installation often don’t show up for five or ten years. By the time there’s a leak, the home has changed hands or the homeowner has no recollection of who did the roof — let alone any idea where to find them. There are plenty of sloppy roofers out there that never even know about the problems their poor workmanship causes.

Then there are the lucky few homeowners whose roofs fail simply because the materials have surpassed their useful life. Typically these roofs go 20 years or more without a leak and replacement becomes obvious because many of the shingles are starting to curl or tear. Many roofs are covered with asphalt shingles. These shingles should last 20 years or more but often fail after about 15. If your roof is starting to leak and is 15 years old or older, there is a good chance that you’ll need a new roof soon.

All conventional flat roofs are exposed to surface deterioration under the action of sun, wind, driving rain, hail, ice and snow, traffic, building movement, temperature cycling and water ponding. It is because of this process of degradation that a roof must be inspected yearly. When a leak occurs in a flat roof, a more serious type of deterioration occurs. Even if water does not enter the building, it attacks the insulation. Destruction of the roof system can progress rapidly and cause damage for which repair is costly or impossible. This phase of deterioration is neither inevitable nor normal for a properly designed and constructed roof, and usually is merely the result of neglect and lack of maintenance.

It is difficult to comprehend how a roof, which is an expensive element of the building, can in many cases go on unattended for years. It is similar to buying an expensive car and being content to only add gas when necessary. Both car and roof will fare miserably before they reach half of their designed life.

 

Another aspect of roofing to consider is the material that is used for the underlayment, sheathing and trusses. If you are building a new roof, you should realize that all of these parts to your roof system would come with warranties as well as methods of maintenance and care. You should also have plenty of adequate ventilation included in your roof system to help preserve the life of your roof. Taking the time to discuss all of the options available with your roofer will help you to maximize the most from your roof.

 

 

The primary advantages of liquid roof coatings are their economical, proven performance life, and ease of use. Roof coatings are generally very good weather and water sealant. Today’s liquid roof coatings are versatile and applicator friendly. Non-flammable products are also available.

 

It’s important for you find a good coating for your roof: you want a coating that will protect your roof from the elements and make it last even longer than it traditionally would. You have several main choices for roof coatings. There are pros and cons to each. Roof coatings can be put on your roof at any time during the life of your roof. However, it’s usually best to put the coating on the roof when your roof is replaced or if your notice any leaks in your roof.

 

The most widely-used roof coatings product is the acrylic elastomeric coatings. This type of elastomeric coatings can extend the lifespan of the roofing system through a dependable protective finish. Elastomeric coatings are also preferred by green building enthusiasts because of its environment-friendly coating formulation.

Roofing Types & Problems

When we start talking about roofing problems, the first thing we need to know about is types of roofs prevailing in the market and the pros and cons of each roof type. Whilst Roofing is constantly exposed to the elements, structural shifting, and stresses as well as chemicals in the atmosphere all take their toll on your roof. Aging occur on all roofs, wear and tear stemming from neglect, abuse, contamination, and accident can result in expensive repairs or premature failure of the roofing system, if not detected. A Regular inspection program will help detect minor problems before they become big ones, avoiding interruptions of work going on inside the building, and most importantly, protecting the owner’s investment and adding many years to the life of a roof.

Roof Types:

Wood: There are two types. Shingles are cut to a specific size and smooth finished. Shakes are irregular and rough-textured. Wood gives a natural look to a home. It also requires more maintenance to protect it from the elements.

Metal: Metal roofs have returned from the olden days to become a popular roofing option. Once limited to low-slope structures, standing seam steel roofs can now be used on steeper roofs as well. Metal is durable, practically maintenance-free, heat reflective and non-flammable. Installed in sheets, a metal roof will actually dissipate a lightning strike rather than conduct it.

Built-up Roofing: Built-up roofs are installed on flat or very low-sloping structures. They consist of alternating layers of felt or fiberglass treated with asphalt. These layers are topped with asphalt (tar) or aggregate. Built-up roofs are more common in commercial buildings.

Tile and Slate: These are two of the oldest roofing materials around. They are long-lasting and durable. Their weight requires a reinforced roof structure that can support them. Both can be quite expensive and neither is easy to install.

Slate Roofing: is a very expensive choice, but it’s very beautiful and distinct.  Many Colonial and French homes look very appealing with this style of roof materials.  Slate roof materials are heavy, as you can imagine, and will need additional structural support.

Factors that affect roofs

  • Sun delivers a combination of ultraviolet rays and heat can prematurely age a roof.
  • Snow or ice that melts and refreezes (called ice damming) pushes up the roofing material and causes leaks. Ice damming can be a temporary problem that ends when the thaw is complete. Excessive amounts can damage the roof and roof structure.
  • Rain is normally kept at bay by a roof. But when rain or moisture gets underneath roofing, damage can occur.
  • Wind can remove any roof in the most extreme occurrence. However even minimal amounts can weaken a poorly installed roof by letting dirt and moisture get underneath.
  • Moisture from condensation underneath a roof not only harms the roof and sheathing, but also can cause problems inside of the house.
  • Trees provide shade to help cool a house. They also provide leaves and limbs that can fall or scrub against the roof.
  • Algae and moss get a foothold on moist surfaces. Excessive growth can retain moisture and cause eventual weakening of the roofing material.

Other Causes of Roof Problems:

  • Improper Installation
  • Improper Design
  • Lack of Maintenance
  • Flashing Failures

Each of these major causes of roof damage can be minimized by regular and careful inspection for early and minor problems. Immediate attention to any flaws or damages with competent repairs can help you avoid major damage to your roof and prevent the need for early and costly roof replacement.

Having a roof that leaks is a very common problem of many homeowners, especially if you live in an area that sees a lot of rain. When your roof leaks there are a lot of problems that can happen such as mold and mildew stains, damaged foundations, and water stains on the ceiling, just to name a few. Because of this it is important for you to have the knowledge of how to find the leaks in your roof.

When you do discover a leak in the roof you should not panic but simply know that it is time to fix the leaky roof. A leak can actually be a good sign as it will force you to check the leak and it is a good idea at this time to look over the entire roof to see if there are any other leaks or problems. Fixing a leak in your roof is not very expensive and it does not take a lot of time.

The Common Roof leaks problem can best be solved by using EPDM. It is compatible with all types of roof problems caused by sunlight, snow, moisture, rain wind and other causes etc. EPDM is the broader term among roofing material used for repairing, it includes liquid rubber. EPDM is compatible with almost all types of roof including flat roof, sloped roofs and other times of roofs mentioned in this article.

 

For deal with other types of roofing problems visit EPDM Coatings LLC.

Roofing and Factors for its Repair

You would have heard and read many articles on roof repair and its preventions but this article will discuss factors to be considered while going for roof repair and reproofing decisions. Roof repair is one issue just about every homeowner frets about. Water leaking into a home can cause serious damage in a short amount of time. Just one leak from one storm can cause an entire drywall ceiling to fall dropping mushy gypsum board and messy fiber glass insulation onto you and your possessions.

Roof leak repair doesn’t have to be scary. There are tough roofs to work on no doubt. Attempting roof repairing on a steep slate roof repair should be left to the professionals. The same is true for metal roof repair or even tile roof repair. These are tricky materials to work with. But you should be able to successfully do home roof repair if you have a low-slope roof, a cool day and the right attitude.

Roof leaks

The most important factor in any roof repair job is which contractor you choose. A good roofing contractor will check the area surrounding the leak in your roof for any sort of water damage. They should be able to let you know whether or not there is rot or water damage present, and whether or not it’s bad enough to need repair immediately. In today’s economy, cost is another important factor for roof repairs. There are many types of roofs here in Miami, and each type is going to have a different price range for repairs depending upon supply cost and availability of experienced contractors.

Roofs may need replacing for several reasons.  It may be leaking and be more economical to replace rather than repair it.  The roof may not be working correctly or does not look good.  Another reason for replacing the roof may be because you are extending your home and want the roof to look fully uniform.

Over the past 45 years, EPDM single-ply roof systems have grown consid­erably in market share compared with their modified bitumen and built-up competition. As a result, there are many aging EPDM roofs, and consultants will be faced with the task of providing cost-effective, durable solutions to keep the roofs in proper work­ing order without tearing them off entirely.

Several factors come into play and impact consultants’ decisions regarding the end of a roof system’s useful life. Thermal bridging, proper drainage, R-value, surface color, wind uplift, and hail resistance are all important factors to consider. When every­ thing is taken into account, consultants are faced with two primary choices when addressing an aged EPDM roof besides a complete tear off and replacement: restora­tion and re-cover.

  1. EPDM roof restoration usually encompasses reworking the flash­ings, seams, and terminations, while leaving the field membrane in place. EPDM is well known for its long-term wea­therability, so in most cases the field mem­brane has life remain­ing. This option is used primarily when the owner wants to extend the life of the existing roof or warranty cover­ age for an additional five to ten years.
  2. EPDM roof re-covers provide the ability to address more issues than typical restora­tions. Proper drainage, thermal bridging, en­hanced R-value, al­tered surface color, as well as enhanced wind uplift and hail resis­tance, are all issues that are better ad­dressed with a roof re­cover.

 

The cost of roof coatings is typically about 50% of that of re-roofing and the benefits are very tangible;

  • substantial reduced cost over re-roof
  • reduction in cooling costs with 80% reflectivity
  • years of longevity given to the existing roof
  • minimal disruption to the work environment during its application
  • minimal waste going to landfill
  • annual reduction in cooling costs as high as 22%
  • no toxic odours or vapours
  • ease of future repairs
  • no increase in roof weight load

reduced long term maintenance and roof repair costs

Roof Sealants for Leaky Roofs

Sealers really are nothing more than a clear finish that has been altered to make it perform differently. What is added, or removed, from the finish determines what the sealer is and what it does. Primer, which is the sealer used with paints and pigmented lacquer, is basically paint or lacquer, that has an increased amount of pigment.

Roof Sealing

The sealant can be used for installation and maintenance of a roof made of shaped boarding or roof tile:

  • in places of isolation joints between open-ended exit points and roof sheets;
  • under ridgy planks and joints of a tent shape roof;
  • under a snow shield on a roof;
  • when installing the furring;
  • at lap seams;
  • at trough joints;
  • at a joint of a trough and a drainpipe;
  • at a trough end;

 

Sealers are capable of doing a lot more than simply stopping up the pores of cracks in any surface. They can be used as a barrier coats to seal in surface impurities like dirt, wax, silicon and natural oils and preventing them from leaking out of wood and through the finish. Sealers can act as bonding agents between two materials that may not normally adhere to one another.

 

Roof Sealers are bright white, reflective, elastomeric roofing solutions for roofs that are not yet ready to be torn off and are capable of being restored back to their original quality. EPDM, Modified Bitumen, Metal Roofs, Single-Ply, Polyurethane Foam, Smooth Built Up, or even Gravel Built-Up, we have a roof coating that can repair and restore your roof. Our roof coatings can even repair metal roofs to good as new condition.

Once water finds it’s way in through the gap and under the roof sealing material it works it’s way downwards and can be the cause of water leaks inside a building.  The water causes further condensation which is unseen and causes the steel sheeting to corrode.

Elastomeric Roof Sealants

 

Elastomeric roof coating is a 100% acrylic, highly elastomeric, titanium fortified roof coating formulated to provide a high solids rubber-like membrane. Designed specifically for use on metal, polyurethane foam, EPDM, APP, masonry, asphalt and wood surfaces, this elastomeric roof coating product forms a highly reflective barrier resulting in significant energy savings! Dries bright white.

 

 

Boots, gloves, diving suits etc, have proven that rubber is the first impervious product that is totally waterproof. EPDM flexes and resists temperature changes, is totally resistant to atmospheric pollution, unaffected by UV light or ozone and extremely robust to puncture. Unlike bituminous substances it does not crack, peel or become brittle with age, which has been proven with its use in sub zero temperatures in the These facts make EPDM rubber flat roof membranes the best installing flat roof sealant to fix a flat roof structure. Ideal for flat roof contractors or do it yourself flat roof home restoration.

 

High-strength elastic roofing and sealing material consisting of at least one bonded fabric layer of organic material, optionally at least one further bonded fabric or bonded-fabric material layer of inorganic material, and a coating of bitumen on both sides, where the bonded fabric layer(s) is (are) impregnated with the bitumen, and where the bonded fabric of organic material has a certain area weight and a certain residual deformation after previous elongation. The bitumen coating optionally can be made elastic by the addition of modifiers with sufficiently low glass conversion points.

 

Other Roof Sealants

 

A number of other materials are used to provide an air barrier at different locations in the house. These include specialty gaskets and tapes, as well as sheet materials such as polyethylene, spun-bonded olefin, rigid insulation, drywall, plywood and sheet metal. Installation techniques are critical when using sheet materials as an air barrier. All edges, seams and penetrations in the sheets must be sealed.

Tips on Sealing Some of the Leakiest Areas

If you notice a draft through an outside wall electrical outlet, it must be sealed. (Some inside wall outlets can also provide leakage paths, so check them as well.) Turn off the power to the outlet by turning off the circuit breaker or removing the fuse. Check to make sure the power is disconnected by turning on a lamp.

You will obtain a better seal if you caulk the gasket before installation. Place child safety plugs in seldom-used outlets. Some foam pads come with a gasket that fits on the safety plug.

If you are installing an electrical outlet during a renovation, get a good seal by placing it in a special plastic box that is available from many hardware or electrical supply stores. Caulk the penetration for the wire, and seal the new air and vapour barrier to the edge of the box.

Planners and roofing companies still face a big challenge in finding an inexpensive, timesaving and durable sealing system for flat roofs on industrial buildings. Particular problems are presented by roofs with complex shapes and a large number of breakthroughs, such as airshafts and pipe supports. It is hard to get around these problems using conventional roof sheeting, especially as it is usually around the breakthroughs that the roof begins to leak.

Roof repairing Problems with Solutions

Roof is the greatest source of protection from any type of whether condition for the world. But they have to spend more for its repairing and remodeling almost every year especially after rainy and summer season. Roof Leaks are mainly the cause of improper installation and ineffective flashing of roofs at the time of its construction. Roof Leak may occur about any place of the roof buy they found more near the chimney, step, apron, pipes, and points at which two roofs meets. Roof leaks may also occur when your roof shingles installed improperly. If you ignore it for a long time, then they may become a cause of major damage for of the roof.

The next Cause of roof leaks is the weather condition also, some time summer sun become a cause of generating this problem with roofs and some times summer season result for this problem. In USA, thousand of people have to spend at least $12 billion every year only for repairing their roofs. For this purpose they have to contact with roof repairing and constructing experts who can fix all these type of problems of their roof. The season exposures can play a huge harmful role on the health of this part of home. Many natural elements like wind, circles, rain, snow and more lead to damaging effect on the roofs of homes.

It is important to ensure that your roof is equipped with building materials that are appropriate to the weather conditions of the area that you live in. Choosing cheap, low-quality materials that do not handle well in certain weather conditions can prove to be a very expensive mistake. This type of mistake especially at the time of construction leads to bear heavy cost of repairing near about each year or in every season. You can minimize the problem by selecting the material that is more suitable and having great resistance for all type of weather condition like EPDM and liquid rubber designed specially for it. Elastomeric roof coatings and liquid rubber are also designed for roof leaks due to draining water in rain; provide great resistance for water in rainy season. Similarly epdm is the best product for summer sun that can easily control the temperature by providing complete protection to the roof from sunlight.

For the durability of a roof, at the time repairing is very important, because roof leaks convert into the major roof damaging problem those have no solution instead of reinstallation of the roof.  Many homeowners do not realize it until it is too late, but there are many situations in which roof repairs must be done because the roof was improperly constructed and designed. These complications may include weak structures that buckle easily under pressure, a slope that is considered to be inadequate, selecting materials that are not durable enough to withstand the overall shape and design of the home, and even selecting materials that are not considered to be quality enhanced and hold up to certain weather conditions.

If you want to avoid the complication of roof repair, it is necessary to avoid these situations and select those quality products for roof repairing and remodeling purpose like epdm, epdm coatings, liquid roof repair, roof repair coating etc. that are best for repairing a roof. If these products like Liquid EPDM, Liquid roof, roof coatings etc. at the time of home construction, you will get the best results for your home and can easily minimize the roof repair cost as they provide a long time protection from repairing and roof leaks. The chances of roof leaking problem can also be minimized by setting the roof inspection on the regular basis. As you find any roof leak in your roof during this inspection, you can easily repair it by your self. For this purpose, there are many products for this solution, you can apply liquid roof and Liquid Rubber on your roof for getting release from this problem and can maintain roof leak for a long time period. Roof repairing and remodeling is as easy as you can do it by applying newly designed roof repairing products that are specially designed for the solution of this problem.